Comparison of CBD and THC
Cannabidiol, or CBD, and delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, are two of many different cannabinoids in the cannabis plant. In the body, CBD and THC interact with cannabinoid receptors to help treat or limit the effects of various conditions.
Cannabinoids refer to substances in the cannabis, or Cannabis sativa, plant. Besides CBD and THC, researchers have identified more than 100Trusted sources of other cannabinoids that can influence the human body. Potential uses of these cannabinoids can include treating the following:
- Appetite loss and eating disorders
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
- Sleep Problems
Though CBD and THC interact with the endocannabinoid system, there have some significant differences. Notably, unlike THC, CBD lacks the psychoactive effects that many people may associate with the characteristic high of cannabis.
Despite both cannabinoids, CBD and THC interact with slightly different cannabinoid receptors, in a person's brain. Evidence notes that THC can bind to the main cannabinoid receptors as it has a similar chemical structure to anandamide, This chemical belongs to a group of cannabinoids that the body naturally produces, known as endogenous cannabinoids or endocannabinoids. Due to this structural similarity, THC can interact with these receptors and cause the "high" people to associate with using cannabis recreationally.
Unlike THC, CBD does not create the high sensation that people associate with cannabis use. Experts are not exactly sure how CBD interacts with receptors but believe it binds differently to THC. Instead, CBD may increase the effects of other cannabinoids or binds to different receptors that researchers have not yet discovered.
How to take CBD or THC
Both CBD and THC are naturally present in cannabis plants. Many people choose to smoke or vape cannabis, but this may not be possible for people with certain conditions. Instead, people can also purchase many different products that contain these cannabinoids. CBD is available in a variety of forms. These include: